10 Fascinating Facts About Sapphire

When it comes to gemstones, sapphires hold a special place in our hearts. With their stunning colors and rich history, sapphires have captivated us for centuries. In this article, I will share with you some mesmerizing sapphire facts that will leave you enchanted by the allure of these precious gemstones.

Key Takeaways:

  • Sapphires are the birthstone for September and are associated with fulfillment, joy, and prosperity.
  • Sapphires have a long-standing historical connection with royalty.
  • Sapphires come in various colors, including blue, pink, peach, and orange.
  • Sapphires are the second hardest natural gemstone after diamonds.
  • Apple used sapphire crystals in the Apple Watch Series 3 for increased scratch resistance.

The Many Colors of Sapphires

Sapphires are known for their mesmerizing array of colors, offering a rainbow of hues that captivate the imagination. While blue sapphires are the most commonly recognized, these precious gemstones can be found in an astonishing variety of shades including pink, peach, purple, yellow, and green.

The color of a sapphire is influenced by the presence of trace elements within the mineral corundum. Blue sapphires owe their color to the presence of iron and titanium, while pink sapphires derive their hues from varying levels of chromium. This natural variation in color gives each sapphire its unique charm and allure.

Some sapphires possess the remarkable ability to change shades depending on the lighting conditions. These color-changing sapphires transition from blue in daylight to shades of violetish blue, purple, or reddish purples in low light. Their chameleon-like nature adds an extra element of intrigue to these stunning gemstones.

The Allure of Color-Change Sapphires

Color-change sapphires are truly enchanting, capturing the beauty of different hues in a single gemstone. These extraordinary gemstones exhibit an optical phenomenon known as pleochroism, which allows them to display different colors when viewed from different angles. The interplay between blue and violetish blue or purple hues creates a captivating visual experience that is sure to garner attention.

rainbow of sapphire colors

As the table above demonstrates, sapphires can appear in an assortment of colors, each with its own unique charm. From the serene blue of traditional sapphires to the delicate pink, peach, and yellow hues, there is a sapphire color to suit every taste and style.

Sapphire ColorDescriptionSymbolism
BlueClassic and timeless, symbolizing loyalty and wisdom.Resonates with calmness, confidence, and trust.
PinkDelicate and feminine, evoking feelings of love and romance.Represents affection, compassion, and inner peace.
PeachSoft and warm, symbolizing friendship and harmony.Brings about feelings of joy, creativity, and emotional balance.
PurpleMysterious and regal, associated with nobility and luxury.Enhances spirituality, wisdom, and creative inspiration.
YellowExudes warmth and positivity, representing happiness and vitality.Brings about feelings of optimism, confidence, and success.
GreenRefreshing and vibrant, symbolizing growth and renewal.Represents harmony, balance, and prosperity.

Unlocking the Kaleidoscope of Sapphires

Exploring the myriad of sapphire colors is like embarking on a journey through a kaleidoscope of beauty. Each hue tells a unique story, offering endless possibilities for self-expression and personal style. Whether you prefer the serene blue of a traditional sapphire or the vibrant allure of a pink or yellow sapphire, these gemstones are sure to captivate and enchant.

The Strength and Rarity of Sapphires

Sapphires are not only beautiful gemstones, but they are also incredibly durable. In fact, they rank 9 out of 10 on the Mohs scale of hardness, making them one of the toughest gemstones available. Only diamonds, which rank 10 on the Mohs scale, are harder than sapphires. This means that sapphires can withstand everyday wear and tear, making them an ideal choice for jewelry that will last a lifetime.

Not only are sapphires durable, but they are also relatively rare. Transparent sapphires with good clarity and color distribution are particularly hard to come by. Sapphires that are over five carats in size and transparent are considered unusual and highly sought after in the gemstone market. This rarity, combined with their durability, contributes to the high value of sapphires.

To showcase the rarity and value of sapphires, let’s take a look at the following table:

SapphireCarat WeightClarityColor
Sapphire A5.2VS1Deep Blue
Sapphire B6.8IFPink
Sapphire C3.5VVS2Yellow
Sapphire D8.3SI1Padparadscha

As you can see in the table above, each sapphire has its own unique characteristics. The carat weight, clarity, and color of a sapphire can greatly influence its rarity and value. The rarer the combination of these factors, the more precious the sapphire becomes. Therefore, owning a sapphire with exceptional qualities is truly a remarkable and coveted experience.

The Historical Significance of Sapphires

Sapphires hold immense historical significance, dating back thousands of years to ancient civilizations such as Persia and the Roman Empire. Throughout history, sapphires have been valued for their beauty and symbolism, making them a beloved gemstone among royalty and nobility.

One of the most iconic sapphire rings in history is the engagement ring Prince Charles gave to Lady Diana Spencer. Featuring a stunning 12-carat oval blue sapphire surrounded by diamonds, the ring became a symbol of their love story and is still treasured today.

Not only have sapphires been admired for their captivating beauty, but they have also been cherished for their rarity. In 2016, a remarkable sapphire weighing 1,404 carats and known as “The Star of Adam” was discovered in Sri Lanka, further highlighting the allure and preciousness of these gemstones.

Furthermore, sapphires have long been associated with ancient civilizations, where they were believed to possess powerful mystical properties. The vibrant blue color of sapphires was thought to represent heavenly powers and protection against evil, while also bringing peace, truth, innocence, and good health to the wearer.

“Sapphires have a rich history that spans across cultures and time periods, making them more than just beautiful gemstones. They carry a legacy of love, devotion, and spiritual significance.” – Gemstone Expert

Ancient Civilizations and Sapphires

The significance of sapphires in ancient civilizations can be traced back to the belief that these gemstones held divine properties. In ancient Persia, it was believed that the earth rested on a giant sapphire, which reflected its blue color onto the sky. This heavenly connection associated sapphires with protection, wisdom, and spiritual enlightenment.

The Roman Empire also revered sapphires, considering them a symbol of power and authority. Roman emperors and aristocrats adorned themselves with sapphire jewelry to convey their status and assert their dominance.

Throughout the Middle Ages, sapphires continued to hold their royal appeal. Kings and queens wore sapphire jewelry as a sign of their noble lineage and connection to the divine. These gemstones became a symbol of loyalty, faithfulness, and the enduring power of love.

Ancient PersiaRoman EmpireMiddle Ages
Belief in divine propertiesSymbol of power and authoritySymbol of loyalty and love
Protection, wisdom, and enlightenmentAsserting status and dominanceNoble lineage and royal connections

The historical significance of sapphires extends beyond their sheer beauty. These gemstones carry the stories and legacies of ancient civilizations, connecting us to the rich tapestry of human history and the enduring allure of these precious stones.

sapphire history

The Allure of Sapphires

When it comes to gemstones that exude a royal aura, sapphires are in a league of their own. These mesmerizing gems have a long-standing association with nobility and regality, making them a favorite among those seeking a touch of elegance and majesty.

Symbolizing faithfulness and regality:

For centuries, sapphires have symbolized faithfulness, making them the perfect choice for engagement and anniversary rings. The vibrant blue hue of sapphires has been linked to heavenly powers and protection against evil, further enhancing their allure. These magical gemstones are believed to bring peace, truth, innocence, and good health to the wearer, making them much more than just a beautiful adornment.

Mystical powers and mystical appeal:

From ancient civilizations to modern times, sapphires have held a mystical appeal. Their association with heavenly powers, coupled with their captivating beauty, has made them a source of fascination and intrigue. Sapphires are not only known for their remarkable symbolism but are also believed to possess mystical powers. Wearing a sapphire is said to bring forth wisdom, spirituality, and inner peace, allowing the wearer to connect with their higher self.

It’s no wonder that sapphires have remained beloved gemstones throughout history. Their beauty, symbolism, and mystical aura make them a treasure worth cherishing. Whether you’re seeking a piece of jewelry fit for royalty or a talisman that radiates positivity, sapphires are sure to captivate your heart and soul.


What is the birthstone for September?

Sapphires are the birthstone for September and are associated with fulfillment, joy, and prosperity.

What is the historical significance of sapphires?

Sapphires have been historically linked to royalty and have been prized gemstones for thousands of years in ancient Persia, the Roman Empire, and the Middle Ages.

What colors do sapphires come in?

Sapphires come in various colors, including blue, pink, peach, and orange.

How durable are sapphires?

Sapphires are the second hardest natural gemstone after diamonds and rank 9 out of 10 on the Mohs scale of hardness.

What is the largest sapphire ever discovered?

The world’s largest sapphire, the Millennium Sapphire, was discovered in Madagascar and weighs 61,500 carats.

Can sapphires change colors?

Yes, sapphires can change shades depending on the lighting conditions.

What are some interesting facts about sapphires?

Some interesting facts about sapphires include their association with 5th and 45th wedding anniversaries, their use in the Apple Watch Series 3 for scratch resistance, and the optical phenomenon of asterism that creates a star-like pattern on some sapphires.

Are rubies considered sapphires?

No, red sapphires are actually rubies, which are chemically similar to sapphires.

What is the significance of sapphires in engagement rings?

Sapphires have a long-standing reputation as symbolizing commitment, making them popular choices for engagement and anniversary rings. The iconic engagement ring Prince Charles gave to Lady Diana Spencer featured a 12-carat oval blue sapphire.

Where are the finest sapphires sourced from?

Sri Lanka is renowned for sourcing the finest sapphires in the world.

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